Home Economic Times There’s must cap spend by events, however all have to come back on board: CEC Sushil Chandra

There’s must cap spend by events, however all have to come back on board: CEC Sushil Chandra

There’s must cap spend by events, however all have to come back on board: CEC Sushil Chandra

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In a dialogue on the ET Roundtable, Chief Election Commissioner Sushil Chandra defends holding polls amid the pandemic stating that rallies have been allowed solely when circumstances have been down. He dismissed allegations of bias towards the Election Commission of India stating that it has at all times supplied a degree taking part in area. Talking on J&Okay delimitation, he stated that a number of parameters needed to be thought of, not simply the inhabitants. Excerpts:

Did EC miscalculate the pandemic risk within the Bengal polls vis a vis UP?

There was no miscalculation as a result of nobody can predict the pace or unfold or scale of the pandemic. Sufficient precautions have been taken then. Voters per sales space have been lowered and as soon as we noticed a rise in Covid numbers, we minimize down processions. However individuals weren’t vaccinated. There was no direct relationship between the rallies and the pandemic. On this spherical of elections, we took steps proper from when the elections have been introduced on January 8. Our polling workers was vaccinated. We took weekly inputs from the well being ministry and the chief secretaries of poll-going states. We had a transparent conservation on the necessity to ramp up vaccination and the well being ministry coordinated with enough provide of doses. We banned rallies from January 8 because of low vaccination and allowed graded relaxations as vaccination went up and circumstances got here down.

Weren’t related talks held final yr?

We did have consultations with the well being ministry. But it surely was felt that holding open rallies wouldn’t contribute to the pandemic (unfold). The circumstances have been low when polls have been introduced. In Kerala, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, nothing untoward occurred. In Bengal, numbers have been the bottom when polls have been introduced. The second it surged, we curtailed rallies.

Political events allege the EC is the federal government’s handmaiden.

EC won’t ever be biased towards any social gathering. These are baseless allegations. For those who see MCC motion, FIRs filed, you will note that they’re towards all events. It’s flawed to say that the EC works to anybody’s benefit. Each time any social gathering involves us, now we have at all times heard them. In these elections, 12 conferences happened — 5 with the Congress, three every with the SP and BJP, one with AITC. Motion has been taken the place we really feel that degree taking part in area is disturbed. Our insurance policies are clear as is our therapy of events.

These elections noticed sturdy digital campaigning. Does it pave the way in which for digital voting in future?

Technologically, distant voting is possible. The day it occurs, will probably be a mature determination. Nevertheless, that call needs to be in sync with the minds of voters and to the satisfaction of political events. Since 2004, now we have been holding elections utilizing EVMs — 4 Lok Sabha elections and 137 meeting elections have been held thus far. Even in the present day, you’ve individuals saying that EVMs may be hacked. The political social gathering that loses at all times blames EVMs. Therefore, events should be in sync for any determination on digital voting.

Will not incidents just like the Varanasi EVM controversy increase doubts?

Public notion just isn’t that. That is solely when political events begin making a narrative, a false notion. There are three varieties of EVMs — the polled EVMs that are below three-tier safety, below video surveillance and attended by representatives of political events. Then there are coaching machines for employees and demo machines for voter consciousness. No polling EVM has ever come out in Varanasi. No polling EVM has ever been compromised in any method. Coaching was to be held for the workers because it was the final day of ballot. This was an entire misrepresentation.

How efficient is EC in controlling unlawful cash in elections?

We’re taking steps to examine black cash and distribution of freebies. In these elections, we seized ‘1,062 cr value of money, narcotics and freebies. We’ve empowered residents via CVIgil app to add violations. 47,000 complaints got here on our app and 40,000 have been right and the EC took motion. Extra, nevertheless, may be achieved. Whereas now we have an expenditure ceiling for candidates and the EC screens the identical, there isn’t a such ceiling for events. Therefore, they’re able to spend any quantity. There ought to be some change in that so that there’s a degree taking part in area for all events. Solely then can the EC monitor this spending. We’ve not mentioned it thus far, however all events must be on board for this transfer.

What about electoral bonds?

There are two features to it — monetary transparency and electoral transparency. Why was it considered within the first place? It was felt that clear cash will come to political events via cheques and banking processes. However from the EC standpoint, the donor’s title is lacking which is towards transparency. The problem is earlier than SC.

There are considerations round Aadhaar-voter ID linkage.

Nobody shall be disadvantaged of enrolment for need of an Aadhaar quantity. The linkage is simply to wash our roll place.

When can we count on elections in Jammu & Kashmir?

There are two completely different points. One, completion of the delimitation course of and the opposite is conduct of elections by the ECI. The delimitation panel’s time period ends on Could 6 and we will full that train by then. After that, ECI will replace its electoral roll, evaluate the feasibility of conducting polls, the safety in J&Okay after which resolve the ballot schedule.

What about objections to the delimitation panel’s draft proposals?

The primary objection of the affiliate members is that it ought to be achieved on the idea of inhabitants. Nevertheless, Part 9 of the Delimitation Act, states that so far as potential meeting constituencies (are involved) they should be geographically compact however consideration should be given to 4 different parameters — the bodily options of the world, public comfort, communication and administrative models of the world.

Take into account Gurez, which was given a constituency of simply 30,000 individuals because it was on a hill. Its bodily options have been such that it couldn’t be merged with some other constituency. Equally, we noticed an enormous disparity in inhabitants. In Kishtwar, it’s 29 individuals per sq km whereas it’s 3,400 individuals per sq km in Srinagar. How can the identical normal be utilized to each?

What in regards to the controversy over together with areas from Jammu within the new Anantnag parliamentary constituency?

In the end, it’s one Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir, it can’t be divided into two zones. We’re seeing it as one unit. There are 90 meeting constituencies (ACs) and 5 parliamentary constituencies (PCs) and now we have tried to make sure division in order that there are 18 ACs in every PC — therefore Anantnag’s composition.

What about calls for for illustration from Kashmiri Pandits?

Many representations got here from completely different organisations. We can’t create a constituency on the idea of faith.

What occurs to voters from West Pakistan who had no voting rights earlier because of Article 370 and the 25 PoK seats?

As soon as the delimitation train is over and every time abstract revision is performed, anybody who’s eligible shall be enrolled since Article 370 just isn’t in impact any longer. The 24 POK seats will stay as it’s as a result of we’re doing delimitation of the 90 meeting seats.

Your views on ‘one nation, one ballot’ thought?

The thought is sweet. There is no such thing as a drawback supplied the identical is set by Parliament. If we wish simultaneous polls in 2024, a constitutional modification must be made.

Why was there controversy over EC attending a gathering with the PMO?

It was on the reforms. The assembly happened with EC group and we stated if the federal government nonetheless wanted to be satisfied on the proposed reforms, the Fee will clarify. What’s the illegality in talking for 5 minutes?

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