THE INTERNATIONAL Financial Fund (IMF) is poised to chop its world progress forecast for 2022 because of the battle in Ukraine, and sees recession dangers in a rising variety of international locations, Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva mentioned.
The world financial system continues to be set to develop in 2022, although by lower than the 4.4% beforehand anticipated, Ms. Georgieva mentioned in an interview with International Coverage journal broadcast Tuesday. The IMF is about to replace its projections in April when the fund holds its annual spring conferences.
“Some economies which were quick to get better from COVID are in a stronger place” to deal with the reverberations from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Ms. Georgieva mentioned. The US particularly has “pretty sturdy fundamentals,” she mentioned. “However those who weren’t but popping out of the COVID disaster, that have been falling additional behind, they’re going to be hit even tougher,” with the “attainable danger of recessions.”
Tighter monetary situations, because the Federal Reserve and different developed-world central banks increase rates of interest, might be a “large shock” for a lot of international locations, in line with Ms. Georgieva. About 60% of low-income international locations are in “debt misery’ or near it, double the quantity that the IMF was apprehensive about again in 2015, she mentioned.
Ms. Georgieva’s prime deputy, Gita Gopinath, mentioned in the identical occasion that the IMF sees “growing fragmentation” in world funds programs as one consequence of the battle.
The US greenback isn’t about to endure an “imminent demise” because the dominant forex within the world monetary system, however “we may see pockets the place we would see shifts occurring,” Ms. Gopinath mentioned. “We’re prone to see some international locations reconsidering how a lot they maintain of sure currencies of their reserves,” whereas it’s clear that the way in which power is traded has modified “ceaselessly.”
Relying on how lengthy the battle lasts, there may very well be bigger results, Ms. Gopinath mentioned, although she described the potential impression of a Russian debt default as restricted and “not a systemic danger to the worldwide financial system.”
The fund can be monitoring how the battle impacts use of cryptocurrencies, and expects an acceleration within the growth of central-bank digital currencies, Ms. Gopinath mentioned. Each she and Ms. Georgieva mentioned extra work is required to strengthen laws on this space.
Ms. Georgieva mentioned the IMF has “three-quarters of our $1 trillion of lending capability out there” to assist international locations deal with the dangers. She additionally mentioned that the fund will do its “half” for Ukraine when the battle ends and reconstruction begins. The nation’s financial system might shrink by a 3rd in contrast with earlier than the battle, she mentioned.
The IMF chief mentioned she has relations in Kharkiv, a metropolis in jap Ukraine that’s been a goal of Russian forces. Ms. Georgieva mentioned that she had been in contact along with her household and that they’re secure for now, although their constructing has misplaced its water provide and they’re listening to bombing day-after-day. — Bloomberg